A hand plane is tool which is used to reduce the thickness of wood and is also used to smoothen the wood surface. A sharp metal plate blade is attached at the bottom of the hand plane and when applied on a wooden surface, it starts slicing and smoothing the wood surface. The hand tool plane are generally be divided into two i.e. block plane and bench plane.
The parts of a hand plane are as follows -
Mouth - It has an opening through which metal plate blade is placed at the bottom of the hand plane.
Metal Plate Blade - It is made of steel.
Lever Cap - It is used to hold the the metal plate blade.
Depth Adjustment Knob - It is used to place the metal plate blade at a right place on the bottom of the hand plane.
Adjustment Lever - This helps in adjusting the depth of slices made on wood.
Tote - Tote is a handle on the rear of hand plane.
Frog - It helps in holding the plane at a right angle.
Types of plane
Wooden Plane - It is made of wood
Metal / Iron Plane - If is made of steel
Transitional Plane - It is made from both the wood and metal
Scrub Plane - It helps in reducing a greater amount of wood material
Smoothing Plane - It is generally used for smoothing purpose
There are some special purpose hand plane also, the list of which are as follows -
Chisel Plane - It helps in removing wood up to a perpendicular surface.
Moulding Plane - It is used for moulding purpose.
Finger Plane - It is used on very small materials.
For a list and types of hand plane, please have a look at the above list of mentioned brands.